Managing Access Lists on Cisco IOS devices can be a real headache. Copying ACLs and Editing them in a Text Editor was a widely spread method until extended ACLs implemented Named Access Lists (nacls) with featured sequence numbers.
Extended IP access list my_acl_in 2 permit icmp ..... (1234 matches) 3 permit ip any host x.x.x.x 10 permit ip .... 11 permit ip .... 12 permit ip .... 13 permit ip .... 14 permit tcp any host ...... eq 443 15 permit tcp any host ...... eq www
Btw. the IPv6 Access list sequence numbers are placed at the end
permit tcp host 2001:DB8:1::32 host 2001:DB8:2::32 eq ssh sequence 1
Sequence Numbers allow for quick changes to an ACL without the copy&paste foo. A growing and ever changing ACL however can post a challange to your sequencing once the gaps are filled. In order to realign your Access Control Entries you can use the resequence command to put your ACEs in order again.
r1(config)#ip access-list resequence ? <1-99> Standard IP access-list number <100-199> Extended IP access-list number <1300-1999> Standard IP access-list number (expanded range) <2000-2699> Extended IP access list number (expanded range) WORD Access-list name r1(config)#ip access-list resequence my_acl_in ? <1-2147483647> Starting Sequence Number r1(config)#ip access-list resequence my_acl_in 5 ? <1-2147483647> Step to increment the sequence number r1(config)#ip access-list resequence my_acl_in 5 5
will resequence your ACEs to look something like this:
Extended IP access list my_acl_in 5 permit icmp ..... (1234 matches) 10 permit ip any host x.x.x.x 15 permit ip .... 20 permit ip .... 25 permit ip .... 30 permit ip .... 35 permit tcp any host ...... eq 443 40 permit tcp any host ...... eq www
This feature will definitely help to keep your sanity.
I find it quite a bit strange that this fuction is not mentioned on neither the 640-802 CCNA nor the 640-554 CCNA Security Cert Guides.
For more infos, check out the Cisco ACL sequence numbering guide